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Did You Say Chocolate?!

You heard right, B-Scientist is back with a new season! After a successful and generous Give828 fundraising event hosted by the Young, Black & Giving Back Institute, we figured we'd let you all know what we've been up to this summer starting with Chemist co-host, Jana Carpenter. She recounts her travels abroad in Costa Rica and Ecuador while indulging in chocolate and science...well, chocolate science to be exact. We hope you enjoy this informative episode a choco-lot!

2:24 - NSF-IRES

https://beta.nsf.gov/funding/opportunities/international-research-experiences-students-ires-0

4:33 - Theobromine Metabolite

https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/theobromine

5:32 - What is Fermentation and What is Cacao Fermentation (respectively)

https://www.thoughtco.com/what-is-fermentation-608199#:~:text=Fermentation%20is%20a%20metabolic%20process%20in%20which%20an,Bacteria%20perform%20fermentation%2C%20converting%20carbohydrates%20into%20lactic%20acid.

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2405844018341422

6:33 - Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry

https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/chemistry/gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-gcms

8:12 - NOT FUNGI; YEAST

8:36 - Mucilage

https://www.cocoabox.com.au/cacao-pulp-all-you-need-to-know/#:~:text=The%20cacao%20pulp%2C%20also%20called,a%20unique%20and%20enchanting%20taste.

8:52 - NOT FUNGI; YEAST

11:36 - Choco Rica

https://site.caes.uga.edu/studyabroad/category/costa-rica/choco-rica-the-science-history-and-culture-of-chocolate/

12:40 - Provinces of Costa Rica

https://www.costarica.com/travel/provinces-of-costa-rica

13:16 - Edwin Sibaja

http://nahuacacao.com/en/meet-the-farmers/

14:49 - The “big three” major varietals of cacao

https://www.williescacao.com/world-cacao/different-cacao-varieties/

15:44; 15:54; 16:03 - Differences in Cacao Quality

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0963996916300163?casa_token=3kojLO7lJK4AAAAA:9ifY6atpa8m92m9cYiy5vjSnVC23FfooClHtx-q35FJx-LiUJAqqSv0SoNxWZI9pC5JEveY1dOYz

17:10 - Origins of Cacao Started Where?

https://www.nature.com/articles/6800156

17:46 - Social Impact of Cacao production

https://www.nature.com/articles/6800156

19:51 - La Dorada farms

https://www.facebook.com/doradacacao/

20:12 - Nahua

http://nahuacacao.com/en/

21:42 - Costa Rica Cocoa (Harrick’s)

https://www.costaricancocoa.com/content/

23:05 - Las Carolinas Lodge

https://lacarolinalodge.com/

24:11 - ESPOL

https://www.espol.edu.ec/

25:06 - Polyphenols

https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jchem/2013/289392/

25:55 - CONAIE

https://www.hrw.org/news/2022/08/13/ecuadors-recurrent-cycle-violence-over-indigenous-rights

27:47 - Cacao Fermentation Process

https://perfectdailygrind.com/2019/06/what-happens-during-cacao-fermentation/

29:52 - Anaerobic vs. aerobic fermentation

https://www.differencebetween.com/difference-between-aerobic-and-vs-anaerobic-fermentation/#:~:text=Anaerobic%20fermentation%20is%20a%20process%20that%20causes%20the,of%20carbon%20may%20be%20respired%20as%20CO%202.

30:17 - Genome

https://www.genome.gov/genetics-glossary/Genome

30:27 - CATIE

https://www.catie.ac.cr/en/